Treatment of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infection with a bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It is a different type of bacteria which is slow growing. Hence, the treatment of tuberculosis in children requires multiple drugs and a longer course. With proper treatment most children will recover well.

Treatment of tuberculosis has undergone many changes in the recent times. Treatment is based on a confirmed diagnosis and detailed reports of the microbiology namely: GeneXpert MTB PCR, MGIT TB cultures and Drug Sensitivity and Line Probe Assay (also called as Hain’s Test).

It is extremely important that proper treatment is done. Inadequate or partial treatment predisposes the child to a Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis.

What are the drugs used for treatment of tuberculosis in children?

There are four drugs used for treatment of tuberculosis. They are: Rifampicin, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide and Ethambutol. For the first 2 months all medicines are given. After 2 months of treatment Pyrazinamide is stopped.

What is the duration of treatment of tuberculosis?

The standard duration of treatment of tuberculosis is six months. Treatment is extended to 12 months in case of tuberculosis involving the brain, joints or bones.