Prematurity Related Lung Disease

What is Prematurity related lung disease?

Prematurity related lung disease is called as “Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)”. Previously it was also known as “chronic lung disease of infancy”. It usually occurs in babies who were born premature  (before the expected date), usually more than 10 weeks before their due date of delivery.

Which premature babies are more prone to have BDP?

It is more common in babies who have got less surfactant, required mechanical ventilation, prolonged oxygen, etc.

What are the changes in the lungs in children with BPD?

Lungs of children with BPD are inflamed and scarred.

How should children be followed after discharge?

Good follow up is required with pediatric pulmonologist. Regular assessment of growth, oxygen levels, respiratory rates are required.

What other problems can occur in children with BPD?

Children with BPD can also have gastro-esophageal reflux, aspirations, tracheomalacia (windpipe which is more collapsible) and pulmonary artery hypertension. These should be carefully evaluated to keep these children in good health.

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