Neuromuscular/ Neurological Disorders Related Lung Diseases

Children with neurological problems usually have recurrent or persistent respiratory problems. There are various types problems seen in different types of neurological patients.

Cerebral Palsy: Children with cerebral palsy have recurrent pneumonias related to aspiration of food and saliva. Also such children are most likely to have gastro-esophageal reflux. These children hence get multiple hospital admissions. Such children needs very careful evaluation. They might need study for GER and “aspiration” mentioned in the relevant sections.

Neuromuscular Disorders (e.g Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Spinal Muscular Atrophy): children with these disorders lgradually have respiratory muscle weakness. These group of children needs regular pulmonology follow up including regular lung function tests. Sleep studies also may be required. Some of these children later might need “non-invasive ventilation” in form of BiPaP for maintaining there lungs in a good shape. They would also need good physiotherapy.

These services are run jointly with our Pediatric Neurology Division headed by Dr Puneet Jain. He has done his DM pediatric Neurology from AIIMS, Delhi and is one of the few trained pediatric neurologists in the country.

We also run a pediatric home ventilation program.