Interstitial Lung Diseases

What is an Interstitial Lung Disease?

In simplest terms, interstitial lung diseases are those type of lung diseases where the interstitium i.e. the thin connective tissue between the surface of the alveoli and the blood vessels is affected. This leads to decrease in child’s lungs to supply oxygen to their body. Childhood Interstitial Lung Diseases are called as child.

What are the different types of child

  • child is not a single disease rather a group of rare lung diseases found in all age groups from neonates to infants, children, and adolescents. They can vary in type and severity as per the age of the child.
  • Common type seen are surfactant protein mutations, pulmonary hemosiderosis, Neuroendocrine Hyperplasia of Infancy, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, etc.

What are the symptoms of chILD in children?

Persistent cough, breathing fast, difficulty in breathing, reduced exercise capacity, recurrent pneumonia, abnormal chest xray and CT scan of Chest, reduced oxygenation in blood. These symptoms and signs in combination would suggest chILD in children.

What are the tests required to confirm the diagnosis?

  • Chest Xrays, CT Scan of chest, blood gases, pulmonary function tests and flexible bronchoscopy are the initial tests required.
  • Depending on these results many children would also need a Lung Biopsy and genetic studies.