What happens to the lungs in Cystic Fibrosis?
The patients with cystic fibrosis, there is a defective which leads to the secretions (mucus, sweat and digestive juices) becoming thick and sticky (which are normally thin). These thick and viscid secretions would plug-up the small airways of the lungs. These would get infected and lead to chronic lung damage. This begins very early in life beginning in infancy.
What other organs are affected in children with Cystic Fibrosis?
Cystic fibrosis also affects the pancreas. This leads to reduced and ineffective digestive juice leading to impaired food absorbtion. Hence these children would have large, bulky and frothy stools.
How are patients with CF followed up and managed?
Children with CF would need a long term follow up with a pediatric pulmonologist. They need regular chest physiotherapy, antibiotics, inhaled hypertonic saline and anti-DNAase.
Is it possible to diagnose CF in a unborn baby if their a family history?
Genetic counseling can also be done if the mutations are identified.