Tips for Better Control for Your Child’s Asthma

What can you do to have a GOOD CONTROL of your or your child’s asthma?
The important rules for having a good control of your or your child’s asthma are:

  1. Inhalation Therapy: This would be mostly in the form of inhalers but can be in form of a Dry Powder Inhaler. Two points needs emphasis:
    1. The medicine should be taken regularly. Even when you are well the medicine needs to be continued since the inflammation is still present although you may not appreciate it.
    2. Technique: This is a critical step to successful inhalational therapy. Demonstrate at every visit how you are using your inhaler and spacers.
  2. Environmental control: allergens and irritants play a significant role in triggering asthma attacks. Triggers are things that can cause asthma symptoms, an episode or attack or make asthma worse.

The common triggers for asthma are Enviornmental Tobacco Smoke (Passive Smoking), Pets, Dust Mites, Cockroachs, Molds and Outdoor Pollution.

Smoking: Smoking is strictly prohibited in the house and car!! It is better that the parents quit smoking themselves since it is injurious to their own health. It is also to be remembered that a lot of adolescents smoke.

Dust Mites: Washing the bedding in hot water and sun drying is recommended. Removal of soft toys and clutter may also be helpful. Room air filters have not found to be effective.

Pets: Household pet dander which is the microscopic particles of dead skin (not the hair itself) of the pets such as dogs and cats contributes to the allergy. These can hence trigger an asthma attack or even contribute to the development of asthma. Although the simplest solution is to find the pet another home, some pet owners might be deeply attached and consider them part of the family. In such cases a combination of measures, like removing reservoirs (carpets and bedding), regular vacuuming, keeping the pet out of the bedroom, washing them weekly, air cleaning with a HEPA room air cleaner may be helpful.

Irritants are non-allergic factors that potentially contribute to asthma such as exposure to cigarette smoke, wood burning stoves, unvented gas heaters and gas stoves, and even strong odors such as perfumes and deos, fresh paint, etc.

Environmental control measures are equally important in children who are not on preventive inhalers.

You can control your or your child’s asthma by recognizing the warning signs of an asthma attack, avoiding triggers, and following the medical advice!!!!