Allergic Rhinitis

Nasal allergy or allergic rhinitis is a very common problems in children and adults. Approximately 20-40% children world over suffer from allergic rhinitis.

What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis in children?

  • The main symptoms of nasal allergy or allergic rhinitis are sneezing, itching, running nose and blocked nose. Children can have increased mucus in the nose and throat. Some children complain of sore throat from mucus dripping down the throat (postnasal drip). Headaches is another common complaint associated with allergic rhinitis in children.
  • Symptoms of allergic rhinitis could be seasonal in a particular season of the year or could be throughout the year.

What are the causes of allergic rhinitis?
Approximately 20-40% children world over suffer from allergic rhinitis.

What are the causes of allergic rhinitis?
The most common allergens associated with allergic rhiniti in children are: pollens, dust mites, molds, pet dander etc.

What are the investigations required in children with allergic rhinitis?
Allergic rhinitis is diagnosed on the basis of symptoms of the child. Allergy tests usually in the form of a skin prick test is required to identify the allergen causing the problem. Lung function tests are required in children having associated chest problems.

What are the other allergies associated with allergic rhinitis in children?
Many children with allergic rhinitis would have associated asthma, enlarged adenoids, ear problems, allergic eyes or conjunctivitis, sinusitis, atopic eczema etc.

What is the impact of allergic rhinitis on daily functioning of children?
Allergic rhinitis can lead to an impaired quality of life, loss of school days, impaired learning and impaired sleep.

How do we treat children with allergic rhinitis?
The treatment of allergic rhinitis has to be individualized for each child depending on the age, severity of disease and coexisting conditions. Treatment includes allergen avoidance, anti-histaminics, anti-inflammatory nasal sprays and monteleukast. The most effective medicine is mometasone or fluticasone nasal spray. These medicines might be used singly or in combination.